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Agaric - A mushroom with gills on the
underside of its cap
Basidium - The club-shaped cell where spores are
produced by mushrooms of the subdivision Ascomycotina.
Plural is Asci.
Bolete - A fleshy mushroom of the subdivision
Basidiomycotina which has a tubelike layer on the
undersurface of its cap rather than gills and appears as a
Bruising - Fungi that change colors when handled,
Button - The immature stage of a mushroom before
its cap opens.
Cap - The top or head of a mushroom.
Capillitium - Small threads that are mixed with
the spores and spore cases of some puffbals and slime molds.
Cluster - A group of mushrooms rising together
from nearly the same spot, usually touching or attached at
Cup - The saclike tissue at the stalk base of some
mushrooms when the veil ruptures, looking like an egg that
the mushroom is growing from.
Cuticle - The surface cell layer of a mushroom.
Depressed - Sunken.
Descending - Running down the stalk, usually in
reference to gills.
Disc - The central portion of the cap.
Evanescent - Disappearing quickly.
Fairy ring - A circle or portion of a circle of
gilled mushrooms or puffballs arising from a mycelium that
expands outward from a central point.
Flesh - The interior tissue of a mushroom.
Free - Unattached to the stalk, usually in
reference to the gills.
Fruiting body - The reproductive portion of a
fungus which usually appears above ground.
Fungus - An organism that lacks chlorophyll and
posseses spores. Originally considered a part of the plant
Gill - One of the fleshy plates that radiate from
the stem on the underside of the cap of many mushrooms.
Hymenium - The spore-bearing surface.
Hypha - One of the filament-like threads that make
up the body of a fungus.
Incurved - Rolled or bent inward.
Lateral - Attached at the edge, usually in
reference to stalks that are attached this way to caps.
Margin - The outer edge of a mushroom cap.
Mushroom - The fruiting body of a fungus.
Mycelium - The vegetative portion of a fungus.
Mycology - The study of fungi.
Mycorrhiza - A symbiotic association between a
fungus and the root-ends of rooted plants.
Parasitic - Living in or on another animal or
plant and deriving food from it.
Partial veil - A tissue that covers and protects
the immature gills or tubes of some mushrooms.
Pore - The opening or end of the tube in boletes
and polypores where spores leave the mushroom.
Rhizomorph - A cordlike strand of mycelium at the
base of a mushroom.
Ring - The remnants left by a partial veil after
it has ruptured, remaining on the stalk.
Ring zone - The remnants left on a stalk by a thin
or cobwebby partial veil after it has ruptured.
Saprophyte - An organism that takes nourishment
from dead organic matter.
Shelf-like - Without a stalk, generally growing
from woody surfaces.
Solid - Filled with dense flesh.
Spore - The reproductive unit in a fungus.
Stipe - The stem of a mushroom.
Symbiont - An organism that lives in a mutally
beneficial relationship, or symbiosis with another organism.
Toadstool - A popular, but undefined term for a
mushroom. May also imply a poisonous mushroom.
Tube - A hollow cylinder that contains the basidia
where spores are produced in boletes and polypores.
Universal veil - A tissue that encloses the entire
immature stage of some mushrooms.
Veil - A tissue that covers and protects the
immature stage of some some mushrooms. Referred to as a
universal veil when it encloses the entire immature
mushroom, and a partial veil when it covers only the
gills or tubes.
Volva - A saclike cup or tissue surrounding the
stalk base, left after the universal veil has ruptured.
Zoned - Having distinct bands.
" - Inches
' - Feet